by Amal Bhandari,
PhD candidate at Polytechnique School of Montreal
Benzene is highly volatile, toxic and flammable organic compound found naturally as a by-product of crude oil. Benzene is widely used in industry as a solvent for e.g. producing paint and gasoline. The use of benzene in manufacturing company and gasoline cause imamate threat to the environment. Generally, benzene is found in the environment as an automobile exhaust. Further, it is considered as carcinogenic.
The discovery of benzene structure in 19th century attracted significant attention around the globe. However, some other scientist like Michael Faraday who isolated benzene 1st time in 1825. Although its structure was a mystery for many years until Kekule dream. Friedrich August Kekule dream is creative thought, in which he dreams a snake biting its tails. It was very challenging for him to determine the correct structure of benzene and he started to solve the problem by day dreaming. Later 1865, a dream that supposedly revealed the current structure of benzene (benzene molecules are made up of carbon atoms) .